Acnes: causes, how to care and treatment

Beautiful and hydrated skin requires a lot of care, but even with all possible care, it is common to sleep with smooth skin and the next morning wake up with a big red acne saying good morning, unfortunately, this is a problem that affects thousands of people mainly in their teens, acnes can arise for several reasons and has different ways of taking care of them, learn in this post a little more about them.

What is acne?

Acne is an injury caused by increased sebum production from the sebaceous glands, the excess oil increases the proliferation of bacteria and results in blackheads and when it ignites the spine appears, that can be classified in different degrees.

Grade 1 – comedogenic acne, composed of open or closed blackheads, this type of acne is not inflammatory.

Inflammatory acne

2 – Papulopustular acne, has painful and red lesions, may have yellowish secretion inside.
3 – Nodule-cystic acne, presents nodular lesions and has pus inside.
4 – Conglobate acne, has larger lesions and high secretion output. Tendency to scar formation
5 – Fulminant acne with great inflammatory process in the skin and scarring tendency

Acne usually appears on the skin during adolescence at the stage of puberty, when young people undergo hormonal transformation, after 25 years old, when the skin still has acne is called adult acne, they are usually less aggressive and with less blackheads, the ideal treatment varies according to the degree of acne.

Main causes of acnes

Acnes causes

People with oily skin tend to have more acne due to the excess oil that exists on the face and increases sebum production, but other types of skins are not free from having unpleasant acne on their faces, not cleaning your skin or eating properly are some of the daily factors that can cause pimples to appear, some of the main causes of it are:

Follicular hyperkeratinization: high proliferation of keratinocytes (skin cells) that favor the formation of acne.
Colonization of bacteria: caused by the bacterium propionibacterium acnes, which feeds on the sebum produced by the sebaceous glands.

Daily habits that cause acne

Medicines: side effects of certain drugs can cause acne to develop.
Stress: hormonal imbalance aggravates or causes oiliness in the skin and worsens blackheads and acne.
Food: the consumption of fatty foods, sweets and white flour increases the production of sebaceous glands which increased oiliness and consequently causes acne.
Sleeping with makeup on her face: this is a bad habit that damages the skin in many different ways, the cosmetic residue clogs the pores.
Use products unsuitable for your skin type: for each skin type there is an ideal cosmetic texture, using an inappropriate product impairs hydration and causes acne.

Meaning of acne in each face region

Acnes how to care

In the “map of acne” the location of each pimple can indicate what is happening inside your body and that reflects on your acne-shaped skin, each region has a different cause and when identifying it is possible to start care by changing small habits daily, see what acne means on each part of the face.

Zone T: the T zone (forehead, nose and chin) is the oily region of the face and has the highest amount of acne, the pimples on the forehead indicate a digestive problem, in the nose suggests that there are circulation problems.
How to avoid: keep zone T free of oil, drink plenty of water and consume foods that aid digestion.

Hair line and temples: the acnes in this place are related to the products you use on your hair.
How to avoid: exchange products that have excess silicone and panthenol for products with a lighter texture and avoid leaving the product in the region.

Cheeks: acnes on the cheeks means respiratory and lung problems, in addition to daily habits like having your hand on your face, leave the phone against the cheek which can also cause acne.
How to avoid: change the pillowcase frequently, always clean your cell phone and avoid placing your hand on your face.

How to care for skin with acnes?

Before you actually start taking care of your acneic skin, it is essential that you go to a dermatologist first, it will tell you what is ideal for your type of acne, whether with the use of medicines or cosmetics, from that you can take better care of the skin at home with some habits.

1- Use suitable products: the main part of acne skin care is to avoid the production of sebum, so it is important to use products with gel texture, that has salicylic acid in the formula and that has a drying, antiseptic and healing action.

2- Maintain a daily care routine: it’s no use buying all the cosmetics and not using them, having discipline is essential when taking care of the skin, use the products in the correct order and in a short time the results will start to appear.

3- Drink water and have a good diet: you already know that what happens inside the body reflects on your skin, having a healthy routine contributes too much to the beauty of the skin and the disappearance of acne.

4- Never squeeze acne and blackheads: the will is tempting, but it will hurt too much, when squeezing, your skin is left with a lot more bacteria, besides favoring the appearance of new acne and spots.

5-Do not use homemade recipes: the internet is full of tutorials for acne, but don’t, they are not reliable and effective, and can aggravate your skin.

+ Also read: Skin clay: benefits and how to use

Treatments for each type of acne

From mild to moderate acne, there is an appropriate treatment, and it’s something individual, each skin has different needs,  it may be that for your case probiotics, antibiotics are needed and this must be used with other cosmetics for effective result. Consult your dermatologist before trying to take care of your problem at home.

How to eliminate acne blemishes

The acne went away but the stain remained? This is very common, the spots can be purplish, red or brown, and eliminating blemishes is the last step in treating pimples, for that you can count on some products and treatments, such as:

  1. Products with LHA, salicylic acid and glycolic acid
  2. Sunscreen with color and lightening action
  3. Hydrating serum with salicylic acid
  4. Chemical and physical peeling

Having acnes affects self-esteem too much, doesn’t it? But the sooner you take care of it, the better it will be for your health and skin, see your dermatologist to clarify all your doubts and take care of them properly.

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