Dark circles in the eyes: what they are, care and treatments

People say that the eyes are the mirrors of the soul and it is in them that they reflect our main emotions, but believe what is below them: the so unpleasant dark circles, it also means a lot, this region of the eyes needs care other than skin care and if there are dark circles it is a sign that you should take better care. But here in this post we clarify everything about dark circles, the types that exist and the best way to treat them.

What are dark circles?

Dark circles are deep marks located on the eyelids and under the eyes, with coloring formed by the great concentration of blood vessels or melanin, the dark circles are divided into:

Vascular: bluish because of excess fluid retention, accumulation of hemoglobin and poor blood circulation, the region is usually swollen.
Pigmentation: brown circles under the eyes caused by excess melanin around the eyes, by hormonal factors and exposure to the sun, is a type of melasma caused by the accumulation of melanin in the thin skin of the eyes.
Bloody: has purple color.
Deep: the eyeball cavity is deeper and brown in color.

Cause of dark circles

The dark circles can appear due to several factors and this varies according to each type, but among the main causes of dark circles, are:

  • Accumulation of vessels and poor blood circulation
  • Sleepless nights and physical tiredness
  • Excess melanin
  • Heredity
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Smoking
  • Consumption of alcohol and drugs
  • Sleeping makeup
  • Bone structure of the face
  • Treatment for dark circles

There are several creams and treatments to soften the appearance of dark circles, but for each type a specific treatment is necessary, so it is recommended to visit the dermatologist to indicate the best option for your dark circles. But there are still some options that are indicated most of the time for each type of dark circles.

Vascular dark circles: intense pulsed light, laser and lymphatic drainage are the best options for these dark circles, filling with hyaluronic acid is indicated for those with very thin skin.
Pigmentary dark circles: thioglycolic acid peels and lasers help to depigment the region of brown spots, bleaching cosmetics with alpha arbutin can also be used in these dark circles.
Deep dark circles: filling with hyaluronic acid, this type of treatment returns the volume lost in the region of the deep eye and lightens dark circles, the procedure is simple and the result is fast.

It may also be necessary to use creams to help and complement the treatment.

Dark circles eyes how to care

Products and assets indicated for dark circles

Kojic acid
Ferulic acid
Phytic acid
Thioglycolic acid
Vitamin C
Vitamin k
Phe-resorcinol
Retinol
Whitening creams that contain these active ingredients in the formula help to soften the appearance of dark circles.

+ Also read: How to maintain a skin care routine at home?

How to take care of dark circles at home

It is not possible to treat dark and deep dark circles at home because they require an effective treatment, but for superficial dark circles (when they get swollen) from a poor sleep or tired night, you can take care of them at home with some tricks.

Iced chamomile tea sachets: chamomile tea is an antioxidant, and a natural anti-inflammatory that constricts blood vessels and stimulates the vessels to return to normal size, thereby reducing the purplish appearance of the eyes.
How to use: apply the cold sachets of chamomile tea to the eyes, let it act for 10 minutes, remove and rinse with cold water.

Cucumber slices: the cucumber contains flavonoids in its composition, help to reduce swelling, soothes the skin and lightens the dark circles.
How to use: cut two slices of cold cucumber, put on eyes for 15 minutes, then wash your face with cold water.

Cold water compresses: the cold water helps to reduce the vessels and reduces dark circles, it is a great solution for those superficial dark circles.
How to use: make cold water compresses and apply to dark circles for 20 minutes.

Gazes soaked with milk: milk has great properties for those who have dark circles, it lightens, moisturizes and renews the skin.
How to use: dip pieces of gauze or cotton wool in the cold milk and place under dark circles for 15 minutes, then wash your face with cold water, the result will be dark circles slightly lighter.

Remember that these homemade tricks reduce dark circles slightly, they are not as effective as a treatment or whitening cream.

How to prevent dark circles

Improve quality of sleep: it is recommended that a person sleep at least 8 hours a night, during sleep our skin is completely renewed, sleeping less than that causes dark circles to appear.

Avoid excessive exposure to the sun: it is essential that you apply sunscreen daily (especially if you are going to be exposed to the sun), the eye area is thin and very delicate, so, if possible, apply an appropriate cream for the region.

Decrease the consumption of alcohol and cigarettes: alcohol also causes fluid retention, and this reflects in dark circles that become much more swollen, since smoking contributes to dark circles under the eyes.

Have a good diet: eat healthy foods and reduce the amount of salt in your food, sodium can cause fluid retention and make the eye area swollen.

Remove makeup completely: sleeping with makeup is bad for the skin in many different ways, if the makeup is in the eye area it is even worse, because it will cause dark circles.

Makeup for eyes with dark circles

How to disguise dark circles with makeup?

If you wake up with dark circles and do not have time to do trick to diminish, you can disguise with makeups, they are true allies to hide unwanted dark circles.

1- Apply a concealer according to the shade of the dark circles:
dark circles or brown circles: yellow concealer
bluish circles: coral concealer
orange circles: blue concealer

2- apply the concealer by drawing an inverted triangle in the dark circles, give a light tap to spread the product.
3-Then apply a layer of concealer similar to your skin tone, and then apply a colored foundation or sunscreen all over your face.

Habits that can aggravate dark circles

  • Scratch your eyes
  • Unprotected sun exposure
  • Sleepless nights
  • Premature aging
  • Makeup waste.

Dark circles is boring, isn’t it? But it’s very common, if it’s a genetic problem, you can do a lot of treatments but they don’t completely disappear, the other dark circles can improve but depending on their habits and care, they can return, so take good care of them.

Do you have dark circles? What type? How do you take care of them?

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