Dry skin: a complete guide to caring for the right shape

With dryness and itchy and sensitive symptoms, dry skin is the second type that needs more care and an extra
dose of hydration, in this post today we teach you a complete guide to care for dry skin.

Skincare for dry skin

Characteristics of dry skin

Dry skin contains characteristics such as: whitish appearance, scaly texture, lackluster appearance and luminosity,
flaking and red spots, in some cases they may have symptoms of itching, burning, tenderness and a tugging sensation.

Causes of dry skin

This type of skin has hormonal imbalance and does not produce the amount of oil needed to lubricate the skin, that’s why it has this dry appearance, in addition there are internal and external factors that leave the skin like this, the main causes:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Sun exposure
  • Cold weather and wind
  • Hot shower
  • Specific drugs
  • Use of unsuitable cosmetics for the skin type
  • Frequent contact with cleaning products
  • Friction with clothes, shoes and floor
Causes dry skin

Daily care

Dry skin needs the same care as other skins, the difference is that it needs a greater amount of hydration
to improve the appearance and other symptoms that bother, having a daily care routine is very important, as long as
you respect your skin’s needs and use the right products for it, step by step to care.


Cleaning is the essential step for all skins, it should be done in a gentle way and with an appropriate soap
to avoid harming or irritating the skin.

How to clean: use a cleansing gel or soap with a moisturizing texture and rub it over your face with your
fingertips, rinse with cold or lukewarm water and dry your face gently with the towel, then pour
micellar water onto a piece of cotton and wipe over your face.
* Never use soap that has alcohol on dry skin, as it dries out the skin.

Thermal water

After cleaning, sprinkle some thermal water on your skin, as it needs a larger amount of water, this is an indispensable item to have around and go through the day, in addition to keeping the skin hydrated, the thermal water is antioxidant, soothing and protects the skin from external factors (sun, pollution, etc).

Moisturizer for eyes and mouths

Other regions of this skin are also dry like eyes and mouth, so it is necessary that you have a specific moisturizer for each region, you must first moisturize these regions, before moisturizing your face.

  • The moisturizer that is used on the face cannot be used on the eyes, have an eye and mouth product.

Facial moisturizer

After moisturizing your eyes and mouth, it’s time to move on to the most important dry skin care step: moisturizing, we already mentioned above how much this skin needs a fire hydrant to recover its luster, invest in creams that have good assets (such as glycerin, ceramides and niacinamide) and restore the skin’s protective barrier.

How to moisturize dry skin: apply the moisturizer on your face twice a day, and also apply a body moisturizer as soon as you get out of the bath.


Dry skin tends to become even more irritated by exposure to the sun, it is extremely necessary that you apply sunscreen daily and have at least SPF 30, as this skin is more dry, the ideal type of sunscreen is those with a creamy texture and emollients, because the face is much more hydrated, if it has hyaluronic acid or another important active in the composition, it will be even better.

Assets ingredients in cosmetics for dry skin

Whenever you buy a cosmetic for dry skin, pay attention to the texture and always opt for the one that has the most creamy and moisturizing texture, in addition, also read the formula and see what the composition is, there are some assets that benefit much, are they:

Hyaluronic acid: it is humectant, moisturizers and maintains the softness and elasticity of the skin.
Malic acid: is an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), has a humectant action, retains moisture and keeps the skin hydrated.
Glycolic acid: it is AHA, it promotes cell renewal and stimulates the synthesis of collagen, leaving the skin firmer and more luminous.
Glycerin: very moisturizing, attracts moisture to the skin and prevents it from becoming dry.
Shea butter or cocoa: nourishes the skin and increases the ability to prevent water loss

+ Also read: Oily skin: a complete guide to caring for the right shape

Daily habits to improve dry skin

With a lot of hydration and the daily care done correctly, dry skin starts to improve gradually, but there are other habits that you can change or adopt to show an increasingly beautiful and illuminated skin.

Take cold or warm baths: unfortunately this skin cannot use hot water for bathing or even to wash the skin, because it irritates and aggravates it even more, the ideal is that you take cold and warm baths and as soon as you get out of the bath, apply a body moisturizer.

Do not use products that contain alcohol: alcohol dries out the skin and hinders the hydration process

Drink lots of water: essential to hydrate our bodies from the inside out, drink lots of water throughout the day.

Exfoliate only twice a month: exfoliation has many advantages such as promoting cell renewal and unblocking pores, but it should be done according to each type of skin, and the recommendation is twice a month, exfoliate more than this will leave your skin irritated and red.

What is the difference between dry and dehydrated skin?

They can look similar and confuse people, but there is a big difference, dry skin has glands on the face that produce less oil, while dehydrated skin lacks water and not oil, in dry skin this is a characteristic, since dehydration can affect any type of skin (oily, mixed, etc).

Knowing your skin type is essential to take care of it properly, but in addition to these tips, also consult a dermatologist and maybe he will tell you a different routine or include a product suitable for you.

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